Ranked Choice Voting (sometimes referred to as Instant Runoff Voting) is a method of voting where instead of voting for a single candidate, the voter ranks candidates on the ballot in order of preference – first, second, third, and so on. Voters can cast their vote for the candidate they truly prefer. If no candidate gets a majority, then a series of virtual runoffs commences (virtual because voting takes place just once, and “runoffs” occur in the tallying process). In each runoff round, the last-place finisher is eliminated from contention. All ballots on which that candidate was ranked first are now repurposed and given to the second-choice candidate. That process continues until a candidate wins with the majority of the votes.
This simple voting method gives voters more choice by eliminating the fear of throwing away your vote on someone who can't win. It also avoids the problem of similar candidates splitting the vote and enabling someone to win who a majority of voters does not support.
Ranked choice voting is a nonpartisan change in voting logistics that sometimes helps Republicans and sometimes helps Democrats and always helps improve our democracy.